Malocclusion is defined as improper positioned teeth in the upper and lower jaws with inability to bite properly. Abnormal growth and development are believed to affect the bite, health of gum tissue, growth of jaw as well as appearance. Almost every person has a little bit of malocclusion of the teeth but most of the times, no treatment is needed.

It is generally believed that the development of malocclusion is associated with hereditary along with environmental factors. A recent research paper suggested that since the humans changed their dietary habits some 10,000 years ago and started eating soft and processed foods, it resulted in a reduction in their bite force to chew foods which eventually contributed in the development of misalignment and malocclusion of teeth.

The causes of malocclusion are as follows:


  • Childhood habits
  • Thumb sucking.
  •  Prolonged use of pacifier.
  • Prolonged bottle feeding.
  • Cramped or extra space in the jaw for teeth.
  •  Abnormalities of the teeth
  •   Impacted teeth.
  • Extra teeth.
  • Crooked or distorted teeth.
  • Lost teeth.
  • Acquired causes like ill fitting dental fillings, crowns, braces, etc.
  •  After injury or fractures of the jaw.
  •  Tumors of the mouth or jaw.



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Sports Dentistry

by on March 29, 2012 | Posted in Preventative Dentistry

Sports dentistry is the treatment and prevention of oral/ facial athletic injuries and related oral disease manifestations. It involves prevention of injury to the hard and soft tissues of the mouth, through the use of properly fitted mouth guards. Contrary to what most people think, sport dentistry is for everyone and not just athletes or those on college teams. This type of dentistry also addresses the prevention of oral cancer by encouraging the cessation of tobacco and smokeless tobacco use.

Traditionally, the emphasis on injury prevention has involved educating parents and young athletes as well as professionals about the benefits of mouth guards, face masks and other preventive equipment for the head, face and the mouth. Mouth guards offer wearers more than basic tooth protection. They create a cushion that provides potential stabilization of the temporomandibular joint while also helping to prevent injury to the joint. In addition, they can substantially reduce the type of injury affecting the soft tissues- such as the lips and gum tissue surrounding the teeth. In general, mouth guards can help provide protection against numerous serious injuries, including those to the face and head. Mouth guards should be bought at good sporting shops with the recommendation of a qualified dentist. The following are types of mouth guards in sports dentistry:

  • Boil and bite mouth guards. They are placed in boiling water and then molded to the contours of the teeth. If necessary, boil and bite mouth guards can be reheated and re- adjusted to an ideal position.
  • Custom- fitted mouth guards are fabricated from a cast to accuracy to fit the teeth. They are typically made using acrylic and contain hard outer layers and soft inner layers for comfort.

Sports dentistry focuses heavily on prevention and a big part of that is done through pre-screen and regular checkups. Due to the high risk for impact injuries common in sports, it is important that athletes’ teeth are in good health condition.

Sports dentistry also includes the need for recognition and referral guidelines to the proper medical personnel for non dental related injuries which may occur during a dental or a facial injury. These injuries may include cerebral concussion, head and neck injuries and drug use.

Athletes need to take good care of their teeth. They need proper fitting mouth guards and not the one size fit all kind that leads to so many sports related injuries.

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