Root Canal Treatment
Also known as the Endodontic therapy, Root Canal Treatment is a procedure used by dentists to remove diseased or dead material from inside a tooth. The cause of the infection could be a break, trauma, or cavity formation. Many years ago teeth with diseased pulp were removed but today root canal treatment can save some affected teeth. Root canal treatment is performed as the last resort on infected teeth and in many cases the treatment is successful, however on average we estimate that the success rate of root canal treated teeth over a 5 years period is in the region of about 50%. If a root treated tooth become reinfected the tooth would need to be removed.
How root canal treatment is performed.
- The area around the diseased tooth is made numb by using a local anaesthetic injection.
- With the help of a small drill, the upper part of the tooth is removed to expose the pulp. The pulp is made up of blood vessels, nerves, and soft tissue. It is responsible for supplying blood to the tooth and conducts sensations through nerves.
- The infected pulp is taken out, the inner canal is cleaned and drugs are placed inside the canal to kill any bacteria left behind.
- The cleaned area is provided a temporary cover. Once it heals a permanent crown is placed.
- Pain killers and antibiotics may be prescribed for a few days.
- After a couple of weeks, an x-ray may be taken to check the healing process.
- Routine dental visits are necessary after every six months.
After root canal treatment, the patient can perform his routine daily work from the next day. Hard or very hot food material must be avoided for a few days.