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The inferences derived from various clinical trials and studies suggest that the people with diabetes have an increased incidence of periodontal disease. The reasons why people with diabetes are more likely to suffer from periodontal disease are not known. However, there are certain factors which are considered as contributing causes:

 1.    People with diabetes have an impaired immune system thereby increasing the risk of periodontal disease.

2.    Diabetic persons are usually obese and the excess body fat may cause production of chemicals which make the gums more prone to develop periodontal disease.

3.     In diabetes the blood vessels are thickened and damaged which impairs the flow of blood to the gums and teeth, making them more likely to experience gum disease.

4.      As the process of healing in diabetic people is also impaired, the gums are also affected and the disease worsens.

5.    Research has proven that smoking increases the risk of periodontal disease many times in diabetic persons. Therefore, the management of diabetic people must include strong recommendations to quit smoking.

6.     It has been noted that due to poor diabetic control the mouth tends to secrete high glucose levels which encourages bacterial growth and thus there are more chances of the development of periodontal disease.

7.    Recent investigations have suggested that periodontal disease influences the control of diabetes.

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Being a common and mild gum infection, Gingivitis leads to irritation, inflammation (swelling) and redness of the gums. As this oral health condition can be mild, you might not notice any symptoms. However, it is extremely important to take this condition seriously and ensure its prompt treatment. If not treated, gingivitis can cause periodontitis and may lead to tooth loss.

Normally, gums are pale pink and firm. If you feel that your gums are dusky red, bleed easily and puffy, then you might have gingivitis. Some of the symptoms of this oral health condition are as follows:

  • Swollen gums
  • Receding gums
  • Puffy, bleeding, soft gums
  • Sometimes, tender gums
  • Bleeding gums while brushing or flossing the teeth, sometimes appearing as pinkness or redness on the brush or floss
  • Bad breath
  • Changing color of the gums from a normal pale pink to dusky red ]

Gingivitis usually occurs due to poor dental hygiene. Therefore, it is important to brush and floss your teeth daily and schedule regular dental checkups every 4 to 6 months to make sure your oral health isn’t at stake.

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Periodontitis is infection and inflammation of the bones and ligaments that support your teeth. This condition occurs when infection or inflammation of the gums is left untreated. Inflammation and infection spread from the gingiva (gums) to the bone and ligaments that support your teeth. The teeth become loose and fall out due to loss of support.

Periodontitis is a common oral health condition but can be prevented. This disorder usually occurs due to poor dental hygiene. Brushing and flossing the teeth daily can significantly reduce your likelihood of develop this dental condition. Symptoms of this condition include:

  • Bad breath
  • Red-purple or bright red gums
  • Gums appearing shiny
  • Bleeding gums ( bleeding gums even when teeth are brushed gently)
  • Tender gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Loose teethIt is very important to consult an experienced dentist at a dental implant clinic, if you experience any of the above symptoms.Risk Factors for PeriodontitisFactors associated with a greater probability of developing periodontitis include:
  • Heredity
  • Gingivitis
  • Poor dental health habits
  • Diabetes
  • Tobacco use
  • Older age
  • Poor nutrition
  • Decreased immunity
  • Certain medications
  • Substance abuse
  • Hormonal changes
  • Ill-fitting dentures
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Gum disease is one of the major causes of dental problems like periodontitis and gingivitis that can negatively influence the quality of life. Therefore, it is important to understand the causes of gum disease in order to prevent developing this oral condition.

 

Tartar and Plaque- The Major Culprit

The mouth houses thousands of bacteria that react with mucus as well as other substances for forming “plaque” on the teeth. While good oral health practices like regular tooth brushing help remove plaque, many people develop tartar on their teeth, which then contributes toward the development of gum disease.

Smoking isn’t bad, it’s really bad!

 Add another point to your list of smoking hazards. Yes, smoking is a significant factor that can contribute toward the development of this oral problem.  In fact, smoking can come in the way of your treatment, in case you develop gum disease.

Are your hormones settled?

Hormonal changes-particularly in women, are yet another factor that affect the gum health while increasing the chances of developing gum disease.

Possible connection with health problems

Did you know that certain health problems are associated with your chances of developing gum disease? These could be health issues as serious as diabetes, cancer and even AIDS.

 Did you check the meds?

Yes, some medications are associated with the risk of developing gum disease.  Some drugs tend to affect the saliva flow in your mouth, which makes the mouth vulnerable to infections like gum disease.

 

 

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Periodontitis is a serious infection of the gums that affects your soft tissue as well as bone supporting your teeth. The condition may eventually lead to tooth loss while increasing your chances of developing cardiovascular diseases.

Even though, periodontitis is quite common, it can be prevented in most cases. Since the culprit in many cases is poor oral health, regular tooth brushing, flossing and dental visits can play an important role in eliminating the risk of experiencing the condition.

The most common signs that indicate the presence of periodontal disease include the following:

  • Swelling or inflammation in your gums
  • The gums turn bright red or purple in color
  • Your gums might feel tender when you touch them
  • Your gums may pull away from the teeth
  • There could be new spaces that start showing up between your teeth
  • Your teeth or gums may get infected
  • You have bad breath
  • The mouth tastes bad
  • The teeth feel loose
  • Biting accompanies uncomfortable or unusual feelingIt is important to note that the typical color of gums in healthy state is firm and pale pink. If the gums are puffy or start bleeding often, it is recommended to consult your dentist straightaway.

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What about your lifestyle?

Did you know that your oral health depends a lot on our lifestyle?Whether it’s nutritional deficiencies, poor oral hygiene or smoking, there are things that increase our chances of developing periodontal diseases. Stress is yet another factor that contributes to hampering the ability of your body to fight back the infectious condition that prompt periodontal diseases.

Do you suffer from any health problem?

The condition is often experienced by diabetics. Women may be at higher risk of periodontal disease if they’re experiencing hormonal changes like pregnancy, menopause as well as puberty, Patients of cancer, osteoporosis, syphilis and other conditions also have increased chances of developing periodontal diseases.

What does it have to do with age and gender?

As people age, their chances of suffering from periodontal disease also increase. Besides, this risk has a lot to do with gender since periodontal diseases are more common among women as compared to men.

Is it in your genes?

Yes, it could be, Some people have the tendency of developing the condition in their genes.

What Are The Other Possible Factors?

Racial factors also play a role in determining your chances of developing the condition. Poverty, denture issues and mouth breathing are among other factors contributing to an increase in the risk.

 

 

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Gum Graft Surgery

by on March 30, 2012 | Posted in Restorative Dentistry

Gum graft surgery is the surgical method used for repairing receding gums, especially when roots of the teeth get exposed due to receding gum line. Receding gums can give rise to several problems such as tooth decay, plaque formation, cavities and teeth hypersensitivity. Sometimes receding gums can also lead to complications like loss of the underlying jaw bones that support the teeth. The gum tissues, which are known as gingival actually act as a barrier against bacteria and also protect the teeth from trauma or injury. So, loss of gum tissues or recession exposes the roots and the underlying bones to microorganisms, which can eventually result in cavities, caries, hypersensitivity and tooth erosion.

A very thin layer of tissue is removed, generally from the roof of the mouth and grafted onto the gums around the exposed root of a tooth. This is a procedure which is very commonly necessary for individuals who have suffered from periodontitis. This is a serious disease that is caused by untreated gingivitis. It leads to pockets in the gums, which go as deep as the roots and sometimes, leave the bones exposed. Gum grafting ia an amazing way of repairing the gum loss.

In gum graft surgery, a surgeon removes some tissues from the roof of the mouth or palate, and then places and sutures it to the receding gum line, in order to cover the exposed part of the root. Sometimes, the surgeon removes the surface skin of the roof of the mouth, along with connective tissue and then relocates it to the affected areas. However, this procedure can leave an exposed wound at the donor site and can be quite painful. Therefore, most of the time, gum graft surgery involves the removal of the connective tissues that lies in between the surface tissue of the roof of the mouth and the bone. For this, the surgeon makes an incision to get the connective tissues from under surface of the palatal tissue. This procedure involves less pain and even the wound is much smaller.

The healing process with gum grafting surgery is usually relatively quick. Uniformity of the gums can be seen in as soon as six weeks time. Your periodontist might instruct you to rinse your mouth several times a day with lukewarm water or a special prescription to aid in the healing and in relief of any associated discomfort.

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