According to dentists, proper oral care always starts from your home. If you’re engaged in the right oral hygiene practices, which includes daily tooth brushing and regular dental visits, you can prevent great trouble ahead.

So, is there a particular way to eliminate or reduce your chances of developing cavities? Well, when it comes to the prevention of cavities, there’s a lot you can do in terms of plaque removal.  This bacteria layer covering your teeth is the root cause of most dental problems and the most ideal way of combating these bacteria is regular tooth brushing, which should be done at least 2 times throughout the day. Apart from removing plaque, this habit will also take care of your gums by stimulating the gums and preventing oral problems.

Did you know that there are certain toothpastes containing abrasives, foaming agents and even detergents? But, it’s fluoride that plays an active role in cavity prevention. So, make a note of that- especially when it comes to buying your toothpaste.

If plaque isn’t removed on time, it takes the form of tartar that has even more harmful effects on your teeth and gum health. So, a great idea would be to look for anti-tartar toothpastes in the market. Also, make sure that you focus near your salivary glands while brushing your teeth as it tends to slowdown the buildup of new tartar.

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Being a common and mild gum infection, Gingivitis leads to irritation, inflammation (swelling) and redness of the gums. As this oral health condition can be mild, you might not notice any symptoms. However, it is extremely important to take this condition seriously and ensure its prompt treatment. If not treated, gingivitis can cause periodontitis and may lead to tooth loss.

Normally, gums are pale pink and firm. If you feel that your gums are dusky red, bleed easily and puffy, then you might have gingivitis. Some of the symptoms of this oral health condition are as follows:

  • Swollen gums
  • Receding gums
  • Puffy, bleeding, soft gums
  • Sometimes, tender gums
  • Bleeding gums while brushing or flossing the teeth, sometimes appearing as pinkness or redness on the brush or floss
  • Bad breath
  • Changing color of the gums from a normal pale pink to dusky red ]

Gingivitis usually occurs due to poor dental hygiene. Therefore, it is important to brush and floss your teeth daily and schedule regular dental checkups every 4 to 6 months to make sure your oral health isn’t at stake.

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Malocclusion is defined as improper positioned teeth in the upper and lower jaws with inability to bite properly. Abnormal growth and development are believed to affect the bite, health of gum tissue, growth of jaw as well as appearance. Almost every person has a little bit of malocclusion of the teeth but most of the times, no treatment is needed.

It is generally believed that the development of malocclusion is associated with hereditary along with environmental factors. A recent research paper suggested that since the humans changed their dietary habits some 10,000 years ago and started eating soft and processed foods, it resulted in a reduction in their bite force to chew foods which eventually contributed in the development of misalignment and malocclusion of teeth.

The causes of malocclusion are as follows:


  • Childhood habits
  • Thumb sucking.
  •  Prolonged use of pacifier.
  • Prolonged bottle feeding.
  • Cramped or extra space in the jaw for teeth.
  •  Abnormalities of the teeth
  •   Impacted teeth.
  • Extra teeth.
  • Crooked or distorted teeth.
  • Lost teeth.
  • Acquired causes like ill fitting dental fillings, crowns, braces, etc.
  •  After injury or fractures of the jaw.
  •  Tumors of the mouth or jaw.



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After a person is diagnosed with mouth cancer, the discussion with his doctor about treatment modalities and options ensues. The patient who is already disturbed with his diagnosis is more confused about the treatment. This stressful time can be tackled by adopting the following measures:


Information about mouth cancer

The patient should know about his disease as much as possible. All options should be discussed with the doctor, and an effort should be made to learn more through books, websites, etc. The decision of treatment option should preferably be made once the patient knows and understands all about treatment benefits, side effects and the cost involved.


  • Discussion with other patients of Mouth Cancer

A patient should meet with other patients who have benefitted from treatment. Also cancer support groups in the area be contacted and consulted. Online forums and message boards, etc., are yet another option to gain more knowledge about mouth cancer.


  • Involvement of family and friends

The family and friends of the patient can be a source of mental, emotional and physical support. This group can help a lot by contributing a small part of their time and money.


  • Self relaxation

The patient must try to relax himself by indulging in something he enjoys like movies, books, playing board-games etc.



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Dysphagia is characterized by a condition wherein there is difficulty in swallowing. The condition typically occurs because of neurological conditions such as stroke, dementia and depression. Patients of dysphagia have an increased probability of developing pneumonia, therefore extra support and modifications are required at the time of oral care routines.

The signs and symptoms of Dysphagia include:

  • Pain while swallowing
  • Hard to swallow
  • Food getting stuck behind the breastbone or in the throat or chest
  • Drooling
  • Stomach acid backing up into your throat
  • Regurgitation
  • Heartburn
  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Gagging while swallowing
  • Coughing while swallowing

Taking Care of Your Mouth

Maintaining a proper oral hygiene is extremely important for people suffering from dysphagia. A good dental hygiene includes daily brushing and flossing of the teeth followed by rinsing your mouth with a good mouthwash. Moreover, you should schedule regular dental checkups to make sure you are practicing a good oral hygiene.


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While your dentist may recommend many different ways for keeping your teeth free from dental decay, one thing that almost every dentist focuses on is the use of fluoride toothpaste.
If you’re curious about what this “fluoride” thing is, then here’s some information to make the term more familiar to you. Basically, fluoride comes from the element fluorine and is found in many things around you including water, juices and soda. Furthermore, fluoride is also added to community drinking water. Fluoride plays an important role in preventing dental decay by regulating the flow of saliva and reducing dental plaque. Fluoride toothpaste also promotes the prevention of dental decay through re-mineralization of the teeth where acid produced by bacteria has already started weakening the teeth.

A Word of Caution
While fluoride toothpaste has countless benefits in addition to keeping the tooth enamel sturdy, it is recommended to be careful when making children less than six years of age use fluoride toothpaste. Most children have a habit of swallowing more toothpaste than required while brushing the teeth. And as a consequence, enamel fluorosis can be developed if more fluoride is ingested than is necessary. Enamel fluorosis tends to discolor the tooth enamel. So, supervising children when they’re using fluoride toothpaste for tooth brushing is extremely imoprtant.


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Choosing toothpastes can be a real headache, especially when you don’t have your priorities set before you enter the super market to buy one for yourself. Here are some toothpaste varieties that you should know about:

Toothpaste and abrasiveness

There are certain toothpastes that are comparatively less abrasive than others. For example, toothpaste containing baking soda is quite useful in helping with tooth sensitivity in individuals who experience gum recession or people who have abraded their teeth because of improper tooth brushing practices.

Does Your Toothpaste claim to whiten the teeth?

There are some verities that claim to whiten the teeth and if you’re interested in buying such toothpastes, make sure that your toothpaste contains whitening agents like hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide. These toothpastes play an important role in maintaining the tooth shade for people who have had dental bleaching done.

Do you wear dentures?                                                                                                               

If you are a denture-wearer, you know very well how important it is to keep your dentures clean and odorless. So, talk to your dentist about a suitable denture cleaning toothpaste for proper denture maintenance.

Should it have fluoride?

No doubt, fluoride is an essential element in any toothpaste. Fluoride plays an important role in strengthening the enamel and fighting decay and toothpastes with the right amount of fluoride can be highly effective in removing stains, polishing the teeth and giving your mouth a refreshing feeling

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Maintaining excellent dental health is very important as it prevents certain health conditions from developing. Dental health pertains to all aspects of the mouth including the teeth, gums and the tongue. Dental issues not only affect the mouth area but the entire body. Failure to maintain a good oral hygiene can result to dental issues such as gingivitis, caries and tooth loss.

There are various ways of maintaining good oral health. The most basic ways are; practicing oral hygiene techniques, using fluoride, consuming cariogenic foods, and undergoing regular dental examinations. Oral hygiene techniques include brushing and flossing. This helps to keep the teeth, gums and the entire mouth clean. It also helps to remove bacteria that can lead to periodontal disease and other dental health issues.

Eating cariogenic foods such as, milk and cheese contain calcium, casein, and phosphate, which all help prevent demineralization and keep the teeth strong.

Regular dental exams is another very important factor in maintaining oral health as it helps in the detection of issues early and administering early treatment. Also, getting a once a year deep cleaning is also good to do as it removes bacteria that are trapped in places that the toothbrush cannot reach.

Dental health directly affects and contributes to certain health issues and diseases. Three most common conditions affected by poor oral health includes; endocarditis, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes.

ü  Endocarditis- Bacteria that form due to gum disease can enter the bloodstream through cuts and abrasions found in the mouth. This bacterium has the potential to damage the heart valve as well as the heart lining.

ü  Cardiovascular Disease- some experts believe that blocked arteries, heart disease and stroke are associated with harmful bacteria found in the mouth.

ü  Diabetes- Diabetics have a higher risk of developing gum disease and other oral disorders because of their weakened immune system. In a normal person, bacteria can be easily eliminated by the body, whereas in diabetics it is harder for the body to do. In addition, people with diabetes are often unable t heal from infection and wounds, which can result in life threatening mouth infections.

ü  Respiratory Disease- Bacteria that are found in the mouth and throat can travel to the lower respiratory tract and cause severe infection. People with certain respiratory conditions, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, have a higher chance of contracting pulmonary infection.


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