Tooth sensitivity to extreme temperatures is most often due to an exposed root surface. Below the protective layer on the outside of the tooth is the dentin which contains microscopic canals called tubules. When the dentin loses its protective covering, the tubules allow heat and cold or acidic or sticky foods to stimulate the nerves and cells inside the tooth. There are easy ways to treat this common issue.
- Use toothpaste that is meant for sensitive teeth. Desensitizing toothpaste contains compounds that help block transmissions of sensation from the tooth surface to the nerves and cells inside the tooth from the surface. If this fails the dentist may apply a fluoride gel to strengthen the enamel and reduce the transmissions.
- Choose a soft- bristled toothbrush. A toothbrush with soft bristles is recommended to clean your mouth without damaging teeth and gums
- Look for dental products with fluoride. Fluoride is the real deal and it can be an important part of your dental routine. It helps to remineralise, or strengthen a tooth surface that has been demineralized by bacterial acids.
- Cut down on acidic food and drinks. Altering your diet particularly where acidic items are concerned can keep you from wincing in pain every time you sit down to eat. Acidic foods contribute to tooth erosion and sensitivity.
- Get a night guard. Grinding teeth for prolonged periods can contribute to tooth sensitivity through wear and tear. A dentist can fit you with a mouth guard to protect your teeth during sleep.
- If receding gums are responsible, bonding agents can seal the roots of sensitive teeth.
- For severe, persistent hypersensitivity that doesn’t respond to these treatments, the dentist may recommend a root canal.
- Put a couple of cloves between the aching teeth and hold it there. Allow the hard, seed-like cloves to soak into your saliva to soften them up and then gently gnaw on them. Allow the cloves to sit for about 30 minutes until the pain is relieved.
- Swish warm salt water around in your mouth to reduce gum swelling, disinfect abscesses and relieve tooth pain. Swish every mouthful for 10-30 seconds focusing on the painful area.
- Wrap an ice pack in a towel and place it on the outside of your mouth where the pain is. This calms the pain and reduces swelling, and relieves agitated nerve endings in your aching tooth.