Gum disease is one of the major causes of dental problems like periodontitis and gingivitis that can negatively influence the quality of life. Therefore, it is important to understand the causes of gum disease in order to prevent developing this oral condition.


Tartar and Plaque- The Major Culprit

The mouth houses thousands of bacteria that react with mucus as well as other substances for forming “plaque” on the teeth. While good oral health practices like regular tooth brushing help remove plaque, many people develop tartar on their teeth, which then contributes toward the development of gum disease.

Smoking isn’t bad, it’s really bad!

 Add another point to your list of smoking hazards. Yes, smoking is a significant factor that can contribute toward the development of this oral problem.  In fact, smoking can come in the way of your treatment, in case you develop gum disease.

Are your hormones settled?

Hormonal changes-particularly in women, are yet another factor that affect the gum health while increasing the chances of developing gum disease.

Possible connection with health problems

Did you know that certain health problems are associated with your chances of developing gum disease? These could be health issues as serious as diabetes, cancer and even AIDS.

 Did you check the meds?

Yes, some medications are associated with the risk of developing gum disease.  Some drugs tend to affect the saliva flow in your mouth, which makes the mouth vulnerable to infections like gum disease.



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Periodontitis is a serious infection of the gums that affects your soft tissue as well as bone supporting your teeth. The condition may eventually lead to tooth loss while increasing your chances of developing cardiovascular diseases.

Even though, periodontitis is quite common, it can be prevented in most cases. Since the culprit in many cases is poor oral health, regular tooth brushing, flossing and dental visits can play an important role in eliminating the risk of experiencing the condition.

The most common signs that indicate the presence of periodontal disease include the following:

  • Swelling or inflammation in your gums
  • The gums turn bright red or purple in color
  • Your gums might feel tender when you touch them
  • Your gums may pull away from the teeth
  • There could be new spaces that start showing up between your teeth
  • Your teeth or gums may get infected
  • You have bad breath
  • The mouth tastes bad
  • The teeth feel loose
  • Biting accompanies uncomfortable or unusual feelingIt is important to note that the typical color of gums in healthy state is firm and pale pink. If the gums are puffy or start bleeding often, it is recommended to consult your dentist straightaway.

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