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Gum disease, when left untreated, can cause a host of dental problems. In fact, gum disease is one of the biggest factors in tooth loss. As the disease undermines the tooth’s support structure, the tooth becomes loose and weak. Eventually, the tooth falls out or is pulled out or broken by forces that would not normally harm your teeth.  To prevent advanced gum disease from ruining your smile, watch out for these four signs that you may have a problem.

1. Bleeding gums

Bleeding gums is the first sign of gum disease. Most people initially notice their gums bleeding when they brush their teeth.  If brush your teeth too hard, causing damage to the gums, you can expect them to bleed. This is not necessarily a sign of gum disease, but may lead to gum disease if you continue to do it. When gently brushing your teeth with a soft brush, however, you should not experience bleeding. If you do, then there is a good chance you have developed early stages of gum disease. Bleeding gums can also be a sign of other illnesses, such as diabetes or blood clotting disorders, so make sure to see a health professional as soon as you notice the bleeding.

2. Discolored gums

If your gums are healthy, they should be a uniform pink color and a firm texture. If your gums look red or purple or appear swollen it is a sign of gum disease. Look closely at the areas around and between your teeth. In early stages of gum disease these areas are the first to show signs. If they are red and puffy you should visit a dentist as soon as possible.

3. Loose teeth

As gum disease advances it can move into the surround bones and ligaments. The infection damages the bone and ligament tissue, undermining the support structure of your teeth. In a healthy adult, the teeth should be firm and stable. If you can wiggle any of your teeth it is a sign that the supporting tissue has been damaged. Ignoring this sign of gum disease almost guarantees tooth loss.

4. Bad breath

There are many causes of bad breath; bacteria on the tongue, kidney disease, poor diet and gum disease are just some of the causes. Recent research suggests that 90% of bad breath is caused by oral bacteria. Plaque buildup under the gums is one of the main causes. Your dentist offers treatments that can reduce or eliminate this buildup. Along with traditional cleaning methods, lasers can be used to target and remove plaque. Gums and mints may cover up the bad breath, but they do not treat the underlying cause. It may be embarrassing to talk about, but ignoring persistent bad breath could put your health at risk.

If you notice any of these signs of gum disease, visit your dentist as soon as possible. Early intervention can save your teeth and prevent the need for more costly treatments in the future.

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Diabetes is a metabolic disease that results in high blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes, you are susceptible to a number of related conditions, including an increased risk of oral health problems. Understanding this increased risk can help you stave off oral disease and keep your teeth healthy.

Common Conditions among Patients with Diabetes

Gum Disease

One of the most common oral complications found in patients with diabetes is gum disease. There are two types of gum disease: gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the inflammation of gum tissue. As the disease progresses it can cause the gums to bleed, appear red and puffy and become painful or tender. The gums pull away from the teeth, creating pockets where plaque and bacteria accumulate. If your gums bleed when you gently brush them with a soft toothbrush, you may have gingivitis.

When gingivitis is left untreated, it develops into periodontitis. At this stage, the infection causes damage to the jawbone and ligaments that support the teeth, making them loose. The gum tissue further recedes, leading to exposed nerve endings that can make the teeth very sensitive. If you have loose teeth that are extremely sensitive, you may be suffering from periodontitis.

There are several reasons why a person with diabetes has an increased risk of gum disease. If you are diabetic, your saliva may contain increased amounts of sugar. This extra sugar makes it easier for bacteria to thrive inside your mouth. When your diabetes is poorly controlled, you are even more susceptible to these bacteria, because you heal more slowly. People with diabetes are also prone to dry mouth. Dry mouth can irritate the gums. The lack of saliva to wash away bacteria allows them to set into the irritated gum tissue, promoting further gum disease.

Thrush

Thrush is a fungal infection common in people with diabetes. It presents as white sores on the mouth and tongue. Underneath the white patches, you see red tissue that bleeds easily. People with diabetes are more susceptible to thrust because they frequently take antibiotics. Your mouth maintains a natural balance of bacteria and fungus. If antibiotics kill too many bacteria, the fungus is able multiply more easily, leading to fungal infection. High blood sugar also contributes to the spread of thrush, because the fungi feed off of the extra sugar.

Tooth Decay

The presence of high levels of sugar in the saliva can also promote tooth decay. The bacteria in the mouth turn sugar into acid. The increased acidity damages the enamel that protects your teeth from decay. The presence of gum disease exacerbates this problem, as pockets between the gums and teeth house more plaque and bacteria. Tooth decay that is left untreated causes significant pain and can even lead to oral abscesses.

 

Preventing Oral Health Issues

Control Your Diabetes

All of these conditions are most common in individuals with uncontrolled diabetes. If sugar levels are kept in check, you are less likely to have oral health problems. Follow all of your doctor’s orders. Take medications as prescribed. Avoid sugary foods and simple carbohydrates that can raise your blood sugar levels. Drink plenty of water to combat dry mouth.

Practice Good Oral Hygiene

Everyone needs to practice good oral hygiene, but if you have diabetes, the increased risk for oral disease makes it especially important.

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day.
  • Brush your teeth after any meals.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Avoid acidic foods and beverages, like coffee.
  • If you do smoke or drink coffee, brush your teeth immediately afterwards.
  • Floss every day.
  • Visit your dentist at least twice a year for regular cleanings.
  • Use a mouthwash recommended by your dentist.
  • If you wear dentures, take them out and clean them every day.
  • If you notice any problems, make an appointment to see your dentist as soon as possible.

Just because you are diabetic doesn’t mean you have to resign yourself to suffering from oral health issues and losing your teeth. Take precautions to prevent illness; and, know the signs of illness so that you can get help before it is too late.

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The inferences derived from various clinical trials and studies suggest that the people with diabetes have an increased incidence of periodontal disease. The reasons why people with diabetes are more likely to suffer from periodontal disease are not known. However, there are certain factors which are considered as contributing causes:

 1.    People with diabetes have an impaired immune system thereby increasing the risk of periodontal disease.

2.    Diabetic persons are usually obese and the excess body fat may cause production of chemicals which make the gums more prone to develop periodontal disease.

3.     In diabetes the blood vessels are thickened and damaged which impairs the flow of blood to the gums and teeth, making them more likely to experience gum disease.

4.      As the process of healing in diabetic people is also impaired, the gums are also affected and the disease worsens.

5.    Research has proven that smoking increases the risk of periodontal disease many times in diabetic persons. Therefore, the management of diabetic people must include strong recommendations to quit smoking.

6.     It has been noted that due to poor diabetic control the mouth tends to secrete high glucose levels which encourages bacterial growth and thus there are more chances of the development of periodontal disease.

7.    Recent investigations have suggested that periodontal disease influences the control of diabetes.

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diabetes and oral care

People suffering from diabetes have greater chances of developing certain oral health conditions. These usually include the following:

Dry Mouth

Yes, diabetics have more chances of developing an oral condition known as dry mouth, which causes the saliva flow to decrease. This oral health problem often leads to additional issues like soreness, infections, ulcers as well as tooth decay.

Gum health

Diabetics are at higher risk of developing gum inflammation. In addition to affecting white blood cells, diabetes also thickens the blood vessels, affecting the nutrient-flow within the body, as well as the mouth. As a result, the potential of the body of fighting infections is negatively impacted. As periodontitis is categorized as a bacterial infection, diabetics having uncontrolled disease have to suffer from frequent gum problems.

Health of oral tissues

Usually, people with diabetes have another problem that affects the healing potential of oral tissues- especially following dental procedures. This happens because of the impairment of the blood flow in diabetics.

Thrush: Another Complication

Patients of diabetes who heavily rely on antibiotics for fighting a variety of infections are particularly at risk of experiencing fungal infections of oral cavity. This fungus tends to live on the sugar present in the saliva of diabetics.

 

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diseases that are associated with tooth brushing

 

Your Gum Health Is Important

 

Did you know that regular tooth brushing plays an important role in preventing gum disease and gingivitis? Well, what regular tooth brushing actually does is that it removes the plaque and germs that are present in your the mouth, which are the root cause of most gum diseases.

 

Avoiding Periodontitis

 

Brushing your teeth will also help avoid periodontitis, which is a serious gum disease that can eventually break down the teeth as well as the bones around your mouth. It’s mostly a painful experience with the sufferers experiencing tooth loss as well as tooth abscesses.

Preventing Heart Diseases

Yes, it’s a fact and now one of the hottest topics in the world of health research. Your oral health has a strong connection with your heart and can affect your heart health in a positive or negative manner. The inflammation building up in your mouth as a result of periodontitis or other oral problems can eventually affect other areas in your body, with your body being at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.

Recent studies have also revealed that patients with good oral health practices are less likely to have problems with circulatory functions in their arteries as well as blood vessels.

Preventing a Diabetic Lifestyle

Surveys and research have also found a link between your chances of developing diabetes and poor oral hygiene. The more you take care of your oral health, the less you are at risk of developing health problems like diabetes.

Protecting your memory

 While most people are at higher risk of suffering from dementia in older years of their life, people having good gum and mouth health are less likely to experience this condition. Dementia is in some way related to poor blood circulation, which is something that can be improved if teeth are brushed on a regular basis.

 

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how is your diet and gingivitis linked

While tooth brushing, proper oral hygiene practices and regular dental checkups play an important role in preventing dental health problems like gingivitis, it is equally important to take a balanced diet that is rich in essential nutrients for preventing the condition.

Did you know that a deficiency of vitamin C in your body may cause the gums to bleed, which if not treated on time, takes the form of gum infection? Vitamin C isn’t only important for helping your body maintain as well as repair teeth, but it also helps in strengthening cartilage and bones.

If you have the problem of bleeding gums, you should seriously consider having nutritious foods while making sure that your body is consuming sufficient amount of vitamin C. Apart from supplements and multivitamins, the natural sources of Vitamin C are vegetables like carrots, red peppers, sweet potatoes and of course, the most obvious source of vitamin C i.e. oranges and other citrus fruits.  Whether you decide to take supplements or consider eating vegetables and fruits to prevent vitamin C deficiency, it is important to note that packaged juices aren’t an ideal alternative to these sources as a majority of juices contain high sugar content and are extremely acidic, which is something that contributes to tooth enamel erosion.

 

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what is gingivitis

Being a common and mild gum infection, Gingivitis leads to irritation, inflammation (swelling) and redness of the gums. As this oral health condition can be mild, you might not notice any symptoms. However, it is extremely important to take this condition seriously and ensure its prompt treatment. If not treated, gingivitis can cause periodontitis and may lead to tooth loss.

Normally, gums are pale pink and firm. If you feel that your gums are dusky red, bleed easily and puffy, then you might have gingivitis. Some of the symptoms of this oral health condition are as follows:

  • Swollen gums
  • Receding gums
  • Puffy, bleeding, soft gums
  • Sometimes, tender gums
  • Bleeding gums while brushing or flossing the teeth, sometimes appearing as pinkness or redness on the brush or floss
  • Bad breath
  • Changing color of the gums from a normal pale pink to dusky red ]

Gingivitis usually occurs due to poor dental hygiene. Therefore, it is important to brush and floss your teeth daily and schedule regular dental checkups every 4 to 6 months to make sure your oral health isn’t at stake.

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whats good about mouthwashes

The use of mouthwash is undoubtedly an integral part of your oral hygiene routine.  But with the wide variety of oral health products available in the market today, choosing a mouthwash can be really challenging.

Looks what’s in there

There are some mouthwashes that are labeled as antiseptic and anti-plaque. These can play an active role in killing the germs that lead to plaque, gingivitis as well as bad breath. A mouth rinse having fluoride is even better, especially in terms of tooth decay prevention. But, you should always consult your dentist and look carefully at the manufacturer’s label to prevent any side-effects.

If a mouth rinse contains alcohol, you may experience a burning sensation in your teeth, cheeks as well as gums. Remember that excessive use of fluoride mouthwashes may result in fluoride toxicity.

Is my mouth wash good for bad breath?

Mouthwashes that have fluoride in them are quite successful in fighting up to 50% more of the cavity-causing bacteria as compared to ordinary mouth rinses. And a quality mouthwash does curb bad breath while refreshing your mouth.

At times, you may have to use prescription-only mouthwashes that have additional ingredients for protection against dry mouth, gingivitis or other dental issues.

 

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mouthwash dentist

Complete oral hygiene=optimum oral health results

While regular tooth brushing and flossing play an extremely important role in taking care of your teeth, using a mouthwash is equally important for ensuring optimum oral health.  Use of a good mouthwash helps take care of your gums while reducing your chances of developing oral problems like  gum disease or plaque-accumulation. Dentists also consider mouthwash as a home remedy for oral infections and minor tooth injuries.

Your Mouth Shouldn’t Smell Bad

Bad breath is a common problem that results either from eating the wrong foods or because of an underlying oral problem. Whatever the case, bad breath is embarrassing and should be avoided at all costs. However because of certain commitments and temporary oral concerns like sensitivity, it isn’t possible to brush your teeth on a frequent basis. And this is where a mouthwash comes in handy.

Cavity Protection

There are many people who experience problems like bad breath more often than others. The condition is more common among seniors. Dry mouth is one of the major causes of serious mouth infections while promoting the development of cavities. The active ingredients in mouthwashes play an important role in preventing a dry mouth by stimulating the production of natural saliva. And fluoride-based mouthwashes help fighting tooth cavities.

 

 

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Periodontitis is infection and inflammation of the bones and ligaments that support your teeth. This condition occurs when infection or inflammation of the gums is left untreated. Inflammation and infection spread from the gingiva (gums) to the bone and ligaments that support your teeth. The teeth become loose and fall out due to loss of support.

Periodontitis is a common oral health condition but can be prevented. This disorder usually occurs due to poor dental hygiene. Brushing and flossing the teeth daily can significantly reduce your likelihood of develop this dental condition. Symptoms of this condition include:

  • Bad breath
  • Red-purple or bright red gums
  • Gums appearing shiny
  • Bleeding gums ( bleeding gums even when teeth are brushed gently)
  • Tender gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Loose teethIt is very important to consult an experienced dentist at a dental implant clinic, if you experience any of the above symptoms.Risk Factors for PeriodontitisFactors associated with a greater probability of developing periodontitis include:
  • Heredity
  • Gingivitis
  • Poor dental health habits
  • Diabetes
  • Tobacco use
  • Older age
  • Poor nutrition
  • Decreased immunity
  • Certain medications
  • Substance abuse
  • Hormonal changes
  • Ill-fitting dentures
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