Malocclusion is defined as improper positioned teeth in the upper and lower jaws with inability to bite properly. Abnormal growth and development are believed to affect the bite, health of gum tissue, growth of jaw as well as appearance. Almost every person has a little bit of malocclusion of the teeth but most of the times, no treatment is needed.

It is generally believed that the development of malocclusion is associated with hereditary along with environmental factors. A recent research paper suggested that since the humans changed their dietary habits some 10,000 years ago and started eating soft and processed foods, it resulted in a reduction in their bite force to chew foods which eventually contributed in the development of misalignment and malocclusion of teeth.

The causes of malocclusion are as follows:


  • Childhood habits
  • Thumb sucking.
  •  Prolonged use of pacifier.
  • Prolonged bottle feeding.
  • Cramped or extra space in the jaw for teeth.
  •  Abnormalities of the teeth
  •   Impacted teeth.
  • Extra teeth.
  • Crooked or distorted teeth.
  • Lost teeth.
  • Acquired causes like ill fitting dental fillings, crowns, braces, etc.
  •  After injury or fractures of the jaw.
  •  Tumors of the mouth or jaw.



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After a person is diagnosed with mouth cancer, the discussion with his doctor about treatment modalities and options ensues. The patient who is already disturbed with his diagnosis is more confused about the treatment. This stressful time can be tackled by adopting the following measures:


Information about mouth cancer

The patient should know about his disease as much as possible. All options should be discussed with the doctor, and an effort should be made to learn more through books, websites, etc. The decision of treatment option should preferably be made once the patient knows and understands all about treatment benefits, side effects and the cost involved.


  • Discussion with other patients of Mouth Cancer

A patient should meet with other patients who have benefitted from treatment. Also cancer support groups in the area be contacted and consulted. Online forums and message boards, etc., are yet another option to gain more knowledge about mouth cancer.


  • Involvement of family and friends

The family and friends of the patient can be a source of mental, emotional and physical support. This group can help a lot by contributing a small part of their time and money.


  • Self relaxation

The patient must try to relax himself by indulging in something he enjoys like movies, books, playing board-games etc.



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Complete oral hygiene=optimum oral health results

While regular tooth brushing and flossing play an extremely important role in taking care of your teeth, using a mouthwash is equally important for ensuring optimum oral health.  Use of a good mouthwash helps take care of your gums while reducing your chances of developing oral problems like  gum disease or plaque-accumulation. Dentists also consider mouthwash as a home remedy for oral infections and minor tooth injuries.

Your Mouth Shouldn’t Smell Bad

Bad breath is a common problem that results either from eating the wrong foods or because of an underlying oral problem. Whatever the case, bad breath is embarrassing and should be avoided at all costs. However because of certain commitments and temporary oral concerns like sensitivity, it isn’t possible to brush your teeth on a frequent basis. And this is where a mouthwash comes in handy.

Cavity Protection

There are many people who experience problems like bad breath more often than others. The condition is more common among seniors. Dry mouth is one of the major causes of serious mouth infections while promoting the development of cavities. The active ingredients in mouthwashes play an important role in preventing a dry mouth by stimulating the production of natural saliva. And fluoride-based mouthwashes help fighting tooth cavities.



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Cancer affecting one of the structures inside the mouth is known as mouth cancer. This cancer is alternatively called oral cancer or oral cavity cancer. Oral cancer can develop in any part of the mouth like lips, gums, cheeks (inner surfaces), tongue, floor and the roof of mouth, etc.

Various types of cancers developing on the head and neck area form a large group called head and neck cancers; and mouth cancer falls under this category. All head and neck cancers including the mouth cancer usually have same treatment modalities.

The patients with mouth cancer may present with one or more of the following signs and symptoms:

·        Sore throat which fails to heal.

·        Nodule or lump on the skin or inside the mouth.

·        A discolored area, either white or red, on a part inside of mouth.

·        Improper fitting dentures.

·        Shaking or loose teeth.

·        Painful tongue.

·        Stiff or painful jaw.

·        Pain or difficulty while chewing.

·        Pain or difficulty while swallowing.

·        Sore throat for a long period of time.

·        Sense of obstruction or narrowing of the throat.


A person who has any of the signs and symptoms mentioned above, which are producing problems and are present for a duration of more than 15 days require immediate appointment with a doctor. The doctor will examine the patient and will advise necessary lab tests or X-rays, etc.  And once the diagnosis of cancer is confirmed, appropriate remedial measures will be undertaken.


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Periodontitis is infection and inflammation of the bones and ligaments that support your teeth. This condition occurs when infection or inflammation of the gums is left untreated. Inflammation and infection spread from the gingiva (gums) to the bone and ligaments that support your teeth. The teeth become loose and fall out due to loss of support.

Periodontitis is a common oral health condition but can be prevented. This disorder usually occurs due to poor dental hygiene. Brushing and flossing the teeth daily can significantly reduce your likelihood of develop this dental condition. Symptoms of this condition include:

  • Bad breath
  • Red-purple or bright red gums
  • Gums appearing shiny
  • Bleeding gums ( bleeding gums even when teeth are brushed gently)
  • Tender gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Loose teethIt is very important to consult an experienced dentist at a dental implant clinic, if you experience any of the above symptoms.Risk Factors for PeriodontitisFactors associated with a greater probability of developing periodontitis include:
  • Heredity
  • Gingivitis
  • Poor dental health habits
  • Diabetes
  • Tobacco use
  • Older age
  • Poor nutrition
  • Decreased immunity
  • Certain medications
  • Substance abuse
  • Hormonal changes
  • Ill-fitting dentures
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Dysphagia is characterized by a condition wherein there is difficulty in swallowing. The condition typically occurs because of neurological conditions such as stroke, dementia and depression. Patients of dysphagia have an increased probability of developing pneumonia, therefore extra support and modifications are required at the time of oral care routines.

The signs and symptoms of Dysphagia include:

  • Pain while swallowing
  • Hard to swallow
  • Food getting stuck behind the breastbone or in the throat or chest
  • Drooling
  • Stomach acid backing up into your throat
  • Regurgitation
  • Heartburn
  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Gagging while swallowing
  • Coughing while swallowing

Taking Care of Your Mouth

Maintaining a proper oral hygiene is extremely important for people suffering from dysphagia. A good dental hygiene includes daily brushing and flossing of the teeth followed by rinsing your mouth with a good mouthwash. Moreover, you should schedule regular dental checkups to make sure you are practicing a good oral hygiene.


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Gum disease is one of the major causes of dental problems like periodontitis and gingivitis that can negatively influence the quality of life. Therefore, it is important to understand the causes of gum disease in order to prevent developing this oral condition.


Tartar and Plaque- The Major Culprit

The mouth houses thousands of bacteria that react with mucus as well as other substances for forming “plaque” on the teeth. While good oral health practices like regular tooth brushing help remove plaque, many people develop tartar on their teeth, which then contributes toward the development of gum disease.

Smoking isn’t bad, it’s really bad!

 Add another point to your list of smoking hazards. Yes, smoking is a significant factor that can contribute toward the development of this oral problem.  In fact, smoking can come in the way of your treatment, in case you develop gum disease.

Are your hormones settled?

Hormonal changes-particularly in women, are yet another factor that affect the gum health while increasing the chances of developing gum disease.

Possible connection with health problems

Did you know that certain health problems are associated with your chances of developing gum disease? These could be health issues as serious as diabetes, cancer and even AIDS.

 Did you check the meds?

Yes, some medications are associated with the risk of developing gum disease.  Some drugs tend to affect the saliva flow in your mouth, which makes the mouth vulnerable to infections like gum disease.



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Periodontitis is a serious infection of the gums that affects your soft tissue as well as bone supporting your teeth. The condition may eventually lead to tooth loss while increasing your chances of developing cardiovascular diseases.

Even though, periodontitis is quite common, it can be prevented in most cases. Since the culprit in many cases is poor oral health, regular tooth brushing, flossing and dental visits can play an important role in eliminating the risk of experiencing the condition.

The most common signs that indicate the presence of periodontal disease include the following:

  • Swelling or inflammation in your gums
  • The gums turn bright red or purple in color
  • Your gums might feel tender when you touch them
  • Your gums may pull away from the teeth
  • There could be new spaces that start showing up between your teeth
  • Your teeth or gums may get infected
  • You have bad breath
  • The mouth tastes bad
  • The teeth feel loose
  • Biting accompanies uncomfortable or unusual feelingIt is important to note that the typical color of gums in healthy state is firm and pale pink. If the gums are puffy or start bleeding often, it is recommended to consult your dentist straightaway.

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Yes, it sure does have a relation with your oral health. So the sooner you realize the harmful effects alcoholism accompanies, the earlier you can prevent serious oral and overall health problems by reducing, if not quitting, on your alcohol addiction.

The dental issues faced by an alcoholic worsen over time, as they typically don’t participate in practices of good oral hygiene. Moreover, it’s the teeth that have to pay the price for poor nutrition. It isn’t just one dental problem that alcohol addicts have to deal with. In fact, there’s a whole bunch of health issues including decay, tooth loss, abscess as well as gum disease that the harmful habit of alcoholism brings with it.

Are there any signs?

Yes, there are certain signs that show up in the mouth, reflecting the effects of alcoholism. These mostly include decay in the teeth or tooth loss. Alcoholism also leads to tongue problems like a painful tongue or a swollen tongue that burns because of poor nutrition.

Your dentist may also notice ulcerations in mouth corners or a gum disease known as gingivitis, which is often related to alcoholism. Alcohol addiction also affects the saliva flow in your mouth, as a result of which the body’s potential to protect itself against outside substances is impacted.

How Damaging Is It?

Alcohol addiction can be extremely damaging with your mouth experiencing injuries sustained in falls or gums bleeding on a frequent basis. Alcoholism tends to interfere with blood clotting, which can be a serious problem for the addict. Most alcoholics ignore this, increasing their chances of fracturing the jaw or breaking their teeth in case of imbalance or falls.

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What about your lifestyle?

Did you know that your oral health depends a lot on our lifestyle?Whether it’s nutritional deficiencies, poor oral hygiene or smoking, there are things that increase our chances of developing periodontal diseases. Stress is yet another factor that contributes to hampering the ability of your body to fight back the infectious condition that prompt periodontal diseases.

Do you suffer from any health problem?

The condition is often experienced by diabetics. Women may be at higher risk of periodontal disease if they’re experiencing hormonal changes like pregnancy, menopause as well as puberty, Patients of cancer, osteoporosis, syphilis and other conditions also have increased chances of developing periodontal diseases.

What does it have to do with age and gender?

As people age, their chances of suffering from periodontal disease also increase. Besides, this risk has a lot to do with gender since periodontal diseases are more common among women as compared to men.

Is it in your genes?

Yes, it could be, Some people have the tendency of developing the condition in their genes.

What Are The Other Possible Factors?

Racial factors also play a role in determining your chances of developing the condition. Poverty, denture issues and mouth breathing are among other factors contributing to an increase in the risk.



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