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Symptoms:

The common symptoms associated with malocclusion are:

  • The alignment of teeth is disrupted.
  • Appearance of the face is not normal.
  • Chewing or biting is difficult.
  • Difficulty in speaking normally.
  • Breathing through the mouth with open lips.

 

Signs:

The most important sign of malocclusion is improper alignment of teeth with problems in eating and speaking.

Diagnosis:

The diagnosis of malocclusion is based upon:

  • During regular dental visits, the dentist may note misalignment of the teeth and the case may be referred to an orthodontist.
  • Complete history and physical examination by the orthodontist is undertaken.
  • Further help in the diagnosis is made by taking x-rays of the teeth, face and head.
  • Photographs of the teeth and face are taken.
  • Impressions of the teeth are made by using plaster models.

 Treatment:

Malocclusion is a very common occurrence and almost every person has some degree of malocclusion, but most of the times no treatment is required.

Treatment when required involves orthodontics and surgery which is rarely required.

The usual procedures are:

  • Tooth extraction.
  • Dental braces.
  • Surgical corrections include:
  1. Orthognathic surgery for reshaping the jaw.
  2. Use of wires, plates, or screws for stabilizing the jaw bone.
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So, you fear visiting the dentist’s office and at the same time, you’re also concerned about your dental health. Well, here are a few tips that’ll help you cope with this fear:

  • Remember that the most important decision that you’ll make regarding your oral health is the selection of a dentist. So, be very wise with choosing your dentist- preferably someone you’re comfortable with or who is known for their outstanding patient satisfaction results.
  • It is better to consume a high-protein diet before a dental checkup. His is important because protein has calming effects on the mood, which is something you can’t expect from the consumption of sugary foods.
  • It is recommended to avoid having a caffeinated beverage before your visit as caffeine induces nervousness.
  • Try your level best to focus on keeping the breathing regular and slow. When people are experiencing nervousness, they tend to hold their breath. As a result, the oxygen levels are affected, causing the person to become more anxious.
  •  In case, the dentist’s office doesn’t have a radio or TV, try to do something that relaxes you during the examination. You could use your iPhone or play around with your phone while you’re out there.
  • It is also recommended that the most comfortable and convenient time is selected fir the visit.

 

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The inferences derived from various clinical trials and studies suggest that the people with diabetes have an increased incidence of periodontal disease. The reasons why people with diabetes are more likely to suffer from periodontal disease are not known. However, there are certain factors which are considered as contributing causes:

 1.    People with diabetes have an impaired immune system thereby increasing the risk of periodontal disease.

2.    Diabetic persons are usually obese and the excess body fat may cause production of chemicals which make the gums more prone to develop periodontal disease.

3.     In diabetes the blood vessels are thickened and damaged which impairs the flow of blood to the gums and teeth, making them more likely to experience gum disease.

4.      As the process of healing in diabetic people is also impaired, the gums are also affected and the disease worsens.

5.    Research has proven that smoking increases the risk of periodontal disease many times in diabetic persons. Therefore, the management of diabetic people must include strong recommendations to quit smoking.

6.     It has been noted that due to poor diabetic control the mouth tends to secrete high glucose levels which encourages bacterial growth and thus there are more chances of the development of periodontal disease.

7.    Recent investigations have suggested that periodontal disease influences the control of diabetes.

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People suffering from diabetes have greater chances of developing certain oral health conditions. These usually include the following:

Dry Mouth

Yes, diabetics have more chances of developing an oral condition known as dry mouth, which causes the saliva flow to decrease. This oral health problem often leads to additional issues like soreness, infections, ulcers as well as tooth decay.

Gum health

Diabetics are at higher risk of developing gum inflammation. In addition to affecting white blood cells, diabetes also thickens the blood vessels, affecting the nutrient-flow within the body, as well as the mouth. As a result, the potential of the body of fighting infections is negatively impacted. As periodontitis is categorized as a bacterial infection, diabetics having uncontrolled disease have to suffer from frequent gum problems.

Health of oral tissues

Usually, people with diabetes have another problem that affects the healing potential of oral tissues- especially following dental procedures. This happens because of the impairment of the blood flow in diabetics.

Thrush: Another Complication

Patients of diabetes who heavily rely on antibiotics for fighting a variety of infections are particularly at risk of experiencing fungal infections of oral cavity. This fungus tends to live on the sugar present in the saliva of diabetics.

 

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X-rays are an integral part of medical as well as dental health management. They play an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases. There is lot of concern among the general population regarding the harmful effects of x-rays; but they are safe if standard guidelines and safety measures are followed.

 

Dentists with the help of x-rays can observe and detect signs of disease which are normally not visible by the routine examination. The x-rays or radiographs help the dentists in making accurate assessment of the disease process, and the condition of the underlying structures and bones can also be noted. There are many uses of x-rays; they help in diagnosing abscesses, cysts, and tumors. Impacted, unerupted, missing, or extra teeth can be visualized. In periodontal disease, the location, severity, and the depth of the cavities can be accurately noted. By using x-rays, the condition of teeth, soft tissue, surrounding bones, etc. can also be seen. Without x-rays, the correct diagnosis can be missed very easily.

A full series of x-rays is taken of all adult new patients and kept as record for future reference. The number of x-rays, interval between them and follow-up directions are determined by the dentist according to the type and severity of the disease. Multiple x-rays are needed in some conditions like root-canal treatment, periodontal disease, etc.

The use of radiographs in children is done taking into account their growth and development.

 

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Your Gum Health Is Important

 

Did you know that regular tooth brushing plays an important role in preventing gum disease and gingivitis? Well, what regular tooth brushing actually does is that it removes the plaque and germs that are present in your the mouth, which are the root cause of most gum diseases.

 

Avoiding Periodontitis

 

Brushing your teeth will also help avoid periodontitis, which is a serious gum disease that can eventually break down the teeth as well as the bones around your mouth. It’s mostly a painful experience with the sufferers experiencing tooth loss as well as tooth abscesses.

Preventing Heart Diseases

Yes, it’s a fact and now one of the hottest topics in the world of health research. Your oral health has a strong connection with your heart and can affect your heart health in a positive or negative manner. The inflammation building up in your mouth as a result of periodontitis or other oral problems can eventually affect other areas in your body, with your body being at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.

Recent studies have also revealed that patients with good oral health practices are less likely to have problems with circulatory functions in their arteries as well as blood vessels.

Preventing a Diabetic Lifestyle

Surveys and research have also found a link between your chances of developing diabetes and poor oral hygiene. The more you take care of your oral health, the less you are at risk of developing health problems like diabetes.

Protecting your memory

 While most people are at higher risk of suffering from dementia in older years of their life, people having good gum and mouth health are less likely to experience this condition. Dementia is in some way related to poor blood circulation, which is something that can be improved if teeth are brushed on a regular basis.

 

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According to dentists, proper oral care always starts from your home. If you’re engaged in the right oral hygiene practices, which includes daily tooth brushing and regular dental visits, you can prevent great trouble ahead.

So, is there a particular way to eliminate or reduce your chances of developing cavities? Well, when it comes to the prevention of cavities, there’s a lot you can do in terms of plaque removal.  This bacteria layer covering your teeth is the root cause of most dental problems and the most ideal way of combating these bacteria is regular tooth brushing, which should be done at least 2 times throughout the day. Apart from removing plaque, this habit will also take care of your gums by stimulating the gums and preventing oral problems.

Did you know that there are certain toothpastes containing abrasives, foaming agents and even detergents? But, it’s fluoride that plays an active role in cavity prevention. So, make a note of that- especially when it comes to buying your toothpaste.

If plaque isn’t removed on time, it takes the form of tartar that has even more harmful effects on your teeth and gum health. So, a great idea would be to look for anti-tartar toothpastes in the market. Also, make sure that you focus near your salivary glands while brushing your teeth as it tends to slowdown the buildup of new tartar.

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While tooth brushing, proper oral hygiene practices and regular dental checkups play an important role in preventing dental health problems like gingivitis, it is equally important to take a balanced diet that is rich in essential nutrients for preventing the condition.

Did you know that a deficiency of vitamin C in your body may cause the gums to bleed, which if not treated on time, takes the form of gum infection? Vitamin C isn’t only important for helping your body maintain as well as repair teeth, but it also helps in strengthening cartilage and bones.

If you have the problem of bleeding gums, you should seriously consider having nutritious foods while making sure that your body is consuming sufficient amount of vitamin C. Apart from supplements and multivitamins, the natural sources of Vitamin C are vegetables like carrots, red peppers, sweet potatoes and of course, the most obvious source of vitamin C i.e. oranges and other citrus fruits.  Whether you decide to take supplements or consider eating vegetables and fruits to prevent vitamin C deficiency, it is important to note that packaged juices aren’t an ideal alternative to these sources as a majority of juices contain high sugar content and are extremely acidic, which is something that contributes to tooth enamel erosion.

 

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Being a common and mild gum infection, Gingivitis leads to irritation, inflammation (swelling) and redness of the gums. As this oral health condition can be mild, you might not notice any symptoms. However, it is extremely important to take this condition seriously and ensure its prompt treatment. If not treated, gingivitis can cause periodontitis and may lead to tooth loss.

Normally, gums are pale pink and firm. If you feel that your gums are dusky red, bleed easily and puffy, then you might have gingivitis. Some of the symptoms of this oral health condition are as follows:

  • Swollen gums
  • Receding gums
  • Puffy, bleeding, soft gums
  • Sometimes, tender gums
  • Bleeding gums while brushing or flossing the teeth, sometimes appearing as pinkness or redness on the brush or floss
  • Bad breath
  • Changing color of the gums from a normal pale pink to dusky red ]

Gingivitis usually occurs due to poor dental hygiene. Therefore, it is important to brush and floss your teeth daily and schedule regular dental checkups every 4 to 6 months to make sure your oral health isn’t at stake.

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The use of mouthwash is undoubtedly an integral part of your oral hygiene routine.  But with the wide variety of oral health products available in the market today, choosing a mouthwash can be really challenging.

Looks what’s in there

There are some mouthwashes that are labeled as antiseptic and anti-plaque. These can play an active role in killing the germs that lead to plaque, gingivitis as well as bad breath. A mouth rinse having fluoride is even better, especially in terms of tooth decay prevention. But, you should always consult your dentist and look carefully at the manufacturer’s label to prevent any side-effects.

If a mouth rinse contains alcohol, you may experience a burning sensation in your teeth, cheeks as well as gums. Remember that excessive use of fluoride mouthwashes may result in fluoride toxicity.

Is my mouth wash good for bad breath?

Mouthwashes that have fluoride in them are quite successful in fighting up to 50% more of the cavity-causing bacteria as compared to ordinary mouth rinses. And a quality mouthwash does curb bad breath while refreshing your mouth.

At times, you may have to use prescription-only mouthwashes that have additional ingredients for protection against dry mouth, gingivitis or other dental issues.

 

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